Osteoarthritis - Frisco, Plano TX
Osteoarthritis is a common medical condition symptomized by the breakdown and gradual loss of cartilage in the joints. Foot Osteoarthritis is commonly seen in the big toe, although it can also affect the ankle and mid foot. The most common foot joints affected by Osteoarthritis are:

  • Joint consisting of the bones of outer mid foot, inner mid foot and the heel.
  • Joint between the shinbone and ankle.
  • Joint between the foot bone and big toe.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

  • Osteoarthritis is a progressive joint condition caused due to the mechanical wear and tear of the cartilage in the feet. Long term injuries, sprains and strains in the foot can also lead to this condition.
  • Another major cause behind Osteoarthritis is irregular structure of the foot, which consequently leads to abnormal functioning. People with high arches or flat feet are prone to developing this condition.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

  • Pain or tenderness
  • Stiffness in the joint
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty in moving, walking and bending the joint
  • Bony spurs

Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis

To make a diagnosis for Foot Osteoarthritis, the foot and ankle doctor may analyze the physical symptoms and the medical history of the patient. He may also conduct a test known as ‘gait analysis’ to examine your walk. Other imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, and bone scans may also be recommended to evaluate the extent of damage to the cartilage.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis

  • Oral Medications: The foot and ankle doctor may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce the pain associated with the condition. Steroid medication might be needed in severe cases.
  • Bracing: The doctor may also suggest bracing in order to support and restrict the motion of the joint. This can also help to prevent further disfigurement and reduce pain while walking.
  • Orthotics: Customized orthotic devices, such as shoe inserts, can also be helpful in reducing pain by providing cushioning and support to the joint while walking.
  • Injections: In rare cases, the foot and ankle doctor may also inject steroid medications in the affected joint to provide immediate relief to the patient.
  • Immobilization: The patient might also need to limit the movement of foot by wearing a removable cast.
  • Physical Therapy: The patient may be suggested some exercises to strengthen the foot muscles, stabilize the foot and help avoid any sort of injury that can deteriorate the condition.
  • Surgery: This is usually a last resort to treat Osteoarthritis if it has worsened substantially or does not respond to non-surgical treatment.  It can help to reduce pain and recover the functioning of the foot.

Dr. Desai is a board certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in treating conditions of the foot and ankle. To schedule an appointment, you can call at (972) 985-1072 (Plano) and (214) 618-5503 (Frisco).